CHOLESTEROL

 

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that’s found in all the cells in our body. Our body needs some cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help digest foods. Our body makes all the cholesterol it needs. Cholesterol is also found in foods from animal sources, such as egg yolks, meat, and cheese. Too much cholesterol has adverse impacts on our health.

 

There are two types of cholesterol: LDL and HDL

  • LDL

Low Density Lipoprotein also called as “Bad Cholesterol”. A high level of LDL leads to the build-up of cholesterol in the arteries.

When an individual has a high LDL level, that means there is a lot of LDL cholesterol in his/her blood. This cholesterol present in the blood, along with other substances forms plaque. This plaque builds up in the arteries. This causes arteries to become hardened or narrowed, hence blocking or slowing down the flow of blood.

 

Factors affecting LDL level are as follows:

 

  1. Diet

Food items like butter, ghee, full fat milk, cheese, cream, yogurt, fatty meat, coconut oil and coconut cream, milk chocolate, toffee, cakes, puddings, pastries, pies and rich biscuits and other saturated fats have to be strictly avoided.

 

  1. Weight

Obesity and excess of weight increases the chances of LDL cholesterol and overall cholesterol level.

 

  1. Lack of exercises

Lack of physical workout leads to weight gain hence leading to cholesterol.

 

  1. Age and Gender

As women and men get older, their cholesterol levels rise. Before the age of  menopause, women have lower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age.         After the age of menopause, women’s LDL levels tend to rise.

 

  1. Heredity

High cholesterol level can run in families.

 

To get rid of LDL cholesterol:

  1. One must exercise regularly in order to maintain appropriate weight.
  2. One must follow a fibre rich diet to avoid saturation of cholesterol.
  3. One must quit habits like smoking and drinking.
  4. If suffering from bad cholesterol, one must take proper medication.

 

 

  • HDL

High Density Lipoprotein also called as “Good Cholesterol.” It carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Your liver then removes the cholesterol from your body.

 

Tips to rise HDL cholesterol are as follows:

  1. Go for a healthy diet. Limit food items like full fat milk and cheese, high fat meat like bacon, along with these avoid saturated fat food, trans fat, processed food, fried food. Opt for a high fibre, low fat diet.
  2. Maintain a healthy weight. Exercise regularly. Keep yourself active.
  3. Avoid cigarette and alcohol.